Copyright

Devolution, Supranationalism & Democratization

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Centripetal & Centrifugal Forces in Geopolitics

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 Government
  • 1:10 Devolution
  • 3:24 Supranationalism
  • 5:12 Democratization
  • 7:10 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Charlotte Bunch

Charlotte has been teaching secondary education for five years. She has a bachelor's degree in Secondary Education and a master's degree in Curriculum and Instruction.

Learn the definitions of devolution, supranationalism and democratization. Then explore how globalization and communication technologies have positively and negatively impacted all three.

Government

Imagine that you are at your favorite theme park, Imaginaryland. As you are a thrill seeker, you mostly stick to the area of the park designated for thrill rides. However, the park has also been divided into family rides, children's rides, and arcade games. Imaginaryland is only one park of a larger group of amusement parks, which includes Waterland, Safari-Jungle, and Horrorville. The owners of the parks met and discovered they all had the common goal of wanting more visitors. They decided visitors only had to pay one entrance fee for access to all of the parks. When visitors became aware of this change they quickly started complaining about other amusement parks that do not have combined entrance fees. Visitors took to the social media website, Funbook and drew national media attention. This forced the owners of other parks across the world to combine entrance fees. While this may be a dream for all amusement park enthusiasts, you have just seen how devolution, supranationalism, and democratization all function.

Devolution

Devolution is the process of moving powers from a central government to smaller, subnational governments, such as regional, state, or local. In a country that has experienced devolution, the central government may keep power of defense, while the subnational governments can make laws, tax, and form their own political entities. This is similar to the example at the beginning of the lesson. Imaginaryland has been broken up into different ride areas (thrill, family, children, and arcade games). Each area has its own autonomy, but also must follow the basic rules of the park.

There can be a variety of reasons that have led states to devolution. Regional separations, racial and ethnic disputes, or religious differences often force central governments to transfer power to regional governments in order to reduce tension, and even violence. Nations have been experiencing the impacts communication technology has on the devolution process. The Internet can positively affect subnational governments through improved finances, transportation, communication, education, and politics. Also, social media platforms display images of how devolution is unfolding, while holding public officials accountable.

There are numerous examples of nations that have gone through the devolution process. The United Kingdom allowing for powers to be transferred to Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland is just one example of a nation that has gone through the devolution process. Devolution occurred because of many social, economic, and political differences throughout the region. Rising tensions and conflict at times became violent. In 1997, the process of devolution in Scotland and Wales began, and Northern Ireland followed the following year. Powers are divided between the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Northern Ireland Assembly, and British Parliament. In general, each nation has the power over agriculture, education, environment, and health, but British Parliament has full power of national security, foreign policy, and immigration.

Supranationalism

Supranationalism is the process of nation states organizing politically and economically into one organization or alliance. Supranational organizations are where three or more countries form an alliance for cultural, economic, or military reasons. These alliances are created so states can reach cultural, economic, or military goals they may not be able to reach without relying on one another. Looking back to our amusement park scenario, the owners had a common goal of wanting more visitors. Because of this goal, they decided to allow visitors access to all four of the parks under one entrance fee, allowing for each park to become a 'member park' under one larger organization of parks.

Supranational organizations strongly rely upon the idea of globalization. Globalization is the way different places and countries interact with one another. This can be through trade agreements, trade routes, immigration, and even ideas. The Internet is an important tool for globalization. It has allowed for businesses to more easily communicate, not just with member states, but also across continents.

To unlock this lesson you must be a www.heiqigong.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use www.heiqigong.com

Become a www.heiqigong.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about www.heiqigong.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? www.heiqigong.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support 福建福彩网 天水市 永康市 成都市 商洛市 大庆市 镇江市 临夏市 阜新市 巴中市 萍乡市 崇州市 邓州市 平度市 河津市 台中市 衡水市 明光市 凤城市 吉林省 石首市 龙海市 黄石市 叶城市 都匀市 武穴市 朝阳市 青岛市 凤城市 葫芦岛市 仙桃市 合肥市 孝感市 邢台市 兴城市 平度市 利川市 洮南市 信阳市 常州市 宁国市 南阳市 徐州市 北宁市 邢台市 鹿泉市 池州市 北宁市 台中市 华阴市 延吉市 铁力市 兴城市 淮安市 汉川市 东阳市 焦作市 西安市 佛山市 潍坊市 甘肃省