Emergency Response System: Components & Equipment

Instructor: Christopher Cowan

Christopher has taught Environmental Science and has trained employees about environmental compliance and worker safety. He has a Master's degree in Environmental Science.

Learn about the components of an emergency response system in this lesson. The incident command system and crisis management will be discussed, as well as common types of emergency response equipment.

In Case of Emergency

Imagine you are working on a construction site adjacent to a rail yard. A rail car containing chlorine is leaking chlorine gas and your construction site is located downwind. How do you respond?

You have a plan in place to ensure that your site workers know what to do in case of an incident and that they are safe. An emergency response system is designed to address any natural or human-made incidents that may occur on or near the site. Incidents include hurricanes, earthquakes, flooding, public health emergencies, hazardous material releases, and terrorism. All such occurrences can have health and safety impacts or negatively impact property.

Components of an Emergency Response System

The incident command system is designed to manage emergency response activities in a systematic and coordinated manner. The incident command system has five functional areas:

  1. management
  2. operations
  3. planning
  4. logistics
  5. finance and administration functions

Say Jamal is the incident commander for your construction company. He is in charge of managing the entire response. He determines priorities, sets response goals, and implements the response. Jamal may perform all role functions in a small incident. In the case of larger and complex incidents, he may delegate some duties to other staff like Janet.

Janet is a public information officer, so she is responsible for communicating with governmental agencies, the news media, and the public regarding the incident. She'll develop press releases and other information about the incident to agencies and the news media.

Tyrone is the safety officer, so he is responsible for monitoring the incident and ensuring the health and safety of the site and response personnel. A liaison officer coordinates with governmental agencies and other parties that are assisting with the incident.

The incident commander is in charge of the incident response.
Incident commander

Crisis Management Plan

Natural or human-made crises are disruptive and unexpected, and can immediately threaten your employee's health and safety, as well as continuing construction operations. When experiencing any crisis, you are forced to make quick decisions on how to address it. You should have a crisis management plan in place before any such incident.

A crisis management plan addresses measures for protecting life and property, media relations, and preparedness. The first emphasis in dealing with a crisis involves taking measures to protect life and property. The plan should contain emergency contact names and numbers, such as fire, police, utilities (such as gas, electric, water and sewer), regulatory agencies, and the property owner.

The crisis management plan also addresses communication with the local media and the public. As there are many hazards on a construction site that media staff or the general public may be unaware of, access to the site should be restricted. Information about the incident will need to communicated with the media and public by a specific contact person. Any communication with the media or public must be truthful.

Your plan also addresses preparedness. Keep some extra extension cords and tools handy that may be needed in case of an emergency.

Types and Functions of Emergency Response Equipment

There are numerous types of emergency response equipment that may be required when responding to an emergency. Some of the most common types include fire protection equipment, personal protective equipment, and emergency communications equipment.

Fire extinguishers are required on all construction sites. OSHA requires one 2-A fire extinguisher per every 3000 sq feet, and a 10-B fire extinguisher if flammable or combustible liquids are present on site. There are four classes of fire extinguishers:

  • A: Combustibles including wood, paper, plastic, or trash
  • B: Flammable liquids and solids, or grease
  • C: Electrical fires
  • D: Flammable metals

Many companies use fire extinguishers that are ABC rated. A fire extinguisher that is given an ABC rating can fight Class A, B, or C fires. In addition to fire extinguishers, some sites may have fire hoses and emergency water sources to assist with firefighting onsite.

Fire extinguishers are required on construction sites.
Fire extinguisher

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is designed to the protect the wearer from injury and to prevent skin or respiratory exposure to hazardous chemicals in the workplace. A few examples of the different types of personal protective equipment used in an emergency response include:

  • gloves and protective coveralls for hand and skin protection
  • air purifying respirators and supplied air respirators for respiratory protection
  • safety glasses and face shields for eye protection
  • steel toe boots for foot protection

To unlock this lesson you must be a www.heiqigong.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use www.heiqigong.com

Become a www.heiqigong.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about www.heiqigong.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? www.heiqigong.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support 福建福彩网 天水市 永康市 成都市 商洛市 大庆市 镇江市 临夏市 阜新市 巴中市 萍乡市 崇州市 邓州市 平度市 河津市 台中市 衡水市 明光市 凤城市 吉林省 石首市 龙海市 黄石市 叶城市 都匀市 武穴市 朝阳市 青岛市 凤城市 葫芦岛市 仙桃市 合肥市 孝感市 邢台市 兴城市 平度市 利川市 洮南市 信阳市 常州市 宁国市 南阳市 徐州市 北宁市 邢台市 鹿泉市 池州市 北宁市 台中市 华阴市 延吉市 铁力市 兴城市 淮安市 汉川市 东阳市 焦作市 西安市 佛山市 潍坊市 甘肃省