ESL Push-In Programs: Definition & Instruction

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: ESL Co-Teaching Models

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 What Are Push-In Programs?
  • 0:58 Push-In Program Strategies
  • 2:32 Grouping Concerns
  • 3:21 Planning & Coordination
  • 4:03 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Sarah Mills

Sarah is an educational freelance writer and has taught English and ESL in grades k-12 and college. She has a master's degree in both Literacy and TESOL.

In this lesson, teachers will learn about the push-in method of instruction for ESL students. The lesson will define the strategy and provide different approaches.

What Are Push-In Programs?

There are many different approaches to providing educational services to ESL, or English as a second language, students. The method you use depends on your school district, teaching environment, students' needs, administrative team, and personal preferences.

Some teachers pull students out of their general education classes and work with them in small, individualized groups. This is called the pull-out method. However, in recent years, the push-in method has been gaining popularity. The push-in method involves the ESL teacher working inside her students' regular education classroom to provide instruction.

Proponents of the push-in method of instruction claim that keeping ESL students in the mainstream classroom instead of pulling them out helps them feel like a part of their learning community. Let's look at some different models for push-in instruction.

Push-In Program Strategies

Collaborative Teaching

The adage 'two heads are better than one' applies to collaborative teaching. With this approach, the ESL teacher works with the classroom teacher to provide instruction to all students.

The logistics of this method can be tricky. It's important for teachers to have plenty of collaborative planning time each week so they can determine how they will share the co-teaching responsibilities. Will the general education teacher be the primary teacher, with the ESL teacher supporting the ESL students? Or will both teachers instruct all students?

Another thing to consider is that beginner ESL students may need more one-on-one attention, so the ESL teacher may want to combine approaches and have small pull-out groups in addition to whole-group instruction.

Small Group Instruction

Some ESL teachers may work with small groups of language learners within the mainstream classroom. This approach may be ideal for ESL teachers who are required to teach a separate curriculum rather than reinforce the general education teacher's instruction.

For example, if an ESL teacher has an ESL curriculum that incorporates project-based learning, and students are conducting research and planning projects, it would be difficult to assimilate that into the general education teacher's lessons.

The reason this approach is popular is because many people feel that removing ESL students from their classroom makes them feel isolated from their regular learning community. However, one drawback to this approach is that having two groups learning about different things simultaneously can be distracting.

Grouping Concerns

There are a few other things to consider before utilizing the push-in method of instruction. First, in order for this approach to be successful, ESL students need to be grouped together.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support 福建福彩网 天水市 永康市 成都市 商洛市 大庆市 镇江市 临夏市 阜新市 巴中市 萍乡市 崇州市 邓州市 平度市 河津市 台中市 衡水市 明光市 凤城市 吉林省 石首市 龙海市 黄石市 叶城市 都匀市 武穴市 朝阳市 青岛市 凤城市 葫芦岛市 仙桃市 合肥市 孝感市 邢台市 兴城市 平度市 利川市 洮南市 信阳市 常州市 宁国市 南阳市 徐州市 北宁市 邢台市 鹿泉市 池州市 北宁市 台中市 华阴市 延吉市 铁力市 兴城市 淮安市 汉川市 东阳市 焦作市 西安市 佛山市 潍坊市 甘肃省