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What is Science?
Science is the process of generating knowledge and understanding about the universe based on predictive methodologies and the collection and testing of empirical evidence. There are three main realms of science. The natural sciences explore the physical world and include fields such as biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics. Social sciences, such as psychology and anthropology, study society and individuals through quantitative (data-based) and qualitative (descriptive) methods. The formal sciences characterize and study formal systems and abstract structures. There is debate over whether the formal sciences, such as mathematics and logic, should actually fall under the term science because they rely on deductive reasoning as opposed to empirical evidence.